Nowadays, many people have realized that agriculture is much more important than as the supporting tools in economic development. In Indonesia, agriculture should be the priority of development because of some good reasons.
First of all, the agriculture’s contribution in the beginning of the development is highest among the other sectors. At present, almost half of total Indonesian labours are working in agriculture sector, but the contribution of agriculture sector does not reach 30 percent.
Second, agriculture sector is expected to fulfil the need of food in a country. As the number of population increase in an alarming rate each year, food supply must also increase. But in developing countries, food production and agricultural production per capita never increase more than one percent each year, and in some extreme case, it even stagnant.
Last but not least, without agricultural development, the growth of industrial sector will be hampered because the growth that comes from industry will bring a wider gap into the internal economy in that country. In turn, this gap will create serious poverty problem, wider inequality of income distribution, and increase unemployment.
Based on the above discussion, it is obvious that the government should put agriculture as the priority of national development.
Adapted from: www.nodai.ac.jp
16. How many arguments stated in the text?
17. What is the further effect if there is only poor development of agriculture?
a. Half of total Indonesian labors will work in agriculture sector
b. The contribution of agriculture sector does not reach 30 percent.
c. It will create serious poverty problem, wider inequality of income distribution, and increase unemployment.
d. The agriculture’s contribution in the beginning of the development is highest among the other sectors.
e. Food production and agricultural production per capita never increase more than one percent each year, and in some extreme case, it even stagnant.
18. Based on the above discussion, it is obvious that the government should put agriculture as the priority of national development.
The similar meaning with the word priority on the sentence above is … .
c. high result
e. main concern
For some people, human cloning is acceptable in medicine in spite of the criticism that it is unnatural. For example, human tissue can be cloned for use in organ replacement or gene therapy. Also, organs provided by human clones could be 100 % donor compatible although organs provided in other ways might not be as successful. Moreover, couples who can’t have children might be able to clone a child from themselves.
On the other hand, there are many arguments against cloning. Whereas many people saw the cloning of a sheep as a major breakthrough, now they have to face the fact that the sheep is no longer alive. Thus, scientists have no idea of the long term effects of genetic engineering. Although organs from cloned animals could be transplanted into humans, the risk of health is enormous, and some people find the idea repulsive.
Source: The New Opportunity by Longman (Upper Intermediate)
36. The purpose of the text is to……
- discuss with the readers the idea of cloning from different point of views
- explain to the readers that cloning can be taken from human and animals organs.
- review the case of cloning which gave the risk of health for human
- persuade readers that cloning is a case that can bring some problems in our lives
- describe to the readers how complicated problems brought by cloning
37. “……….,the risk of health is enormous,……….” (The last paragraph)
What is the synonym of the underlined word?
38. Which statement shows the argument “for”?
- Cloning can influence human health.
- Cloning can be considered as the part of genetic engineering.
- Cloning can create a major breakthrough and it can be long lasting.
- Cloning can make something longer alive.
- Cloning can help people to have children.
Why are Diazinon and Dursband should be Banned
Diazinon and dursban are chemicals used on lawns, gardens, agricultural crops and livestock as an insecticide or nematocide (for worms). They are banned for several good reasons.
Firstly, they cause nausea, dizziness, burning sensations, headaches, blurred visions, stomach and muscle cramps, twitching, diarrhea, aching joints, disorientation and an inability to concentrate.
Secondly, these chemicals cause human and animal birth defects in many
areas of the human body including the brain, nervous system, teeth, eyes, ears, nipples and genitals. They can also cause profound growth and mental retardation when pregnant mothers are exposed. This may affect on lower birth weights of infants if mothers are exposed before and during pregnancy, and this is associated with lower IQs.
Finally, residues, of course, are on some foods--up to 14 days on lettuce, for example--and the chemical also seeps into the nearby water.
Therefore, the government must be urged to keep the safety factor of pesticides paramount in their thinking. Children are so much more sensitive than adults to the toxic effects of chemicals.
22. What does the text discuss?
a. Why farmers should use diazinon and dursban.
b. Why worms are resistant to diazinon and dursban.
c. Why pests can be removed fast and effectively by using diazinon and dursban.
d. Why farmers choose diazinon and dursban instead of other pesticides.
e. Why diazinon and dursban are banned.
23. Why are Diazinon and dursban are banned? Because ....
a. they are very expensive.
b. the government can no longer subsidize farmers with diazinon and dursban.
c. they can remove pests fast and effectively.
d. they are dangerous to human health and other animals.
e. they may benefit the farmers a lot.
24. What would happen if a pregnant mother is exposed to diazinon or dursban?
a. It may effect on their nervous system.
b. It may cause lower birth weight and lower IQs of the baby.
c. It may cause a terrible headache.
d. It may effect on its eyes, ears, and teeth.
e. This may increase its weight and IQs.
25.. What does the writer suggest that the government should do?
a. allow farmers to use diazinon and dursban.
b. help the victims of diazinon and dursban.
c. ban the use of diazinon and dursban.
d. immunize children regularly.
e. subsidize farmers with safe pesticides.
26. “Children are so much more sensitive than adults to the toxic effects of chemicals.” What
does the statement mean?
a. We should protect our children from dangerous chemicals.
b. Children are resistant to several chemicals.
c. Parents should not be worried about their children’s health.
d. The government should pay more attention to adults than to children.
e. Children have greater immunity than adults