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Selasa, 22 Mei 2012

BELAJAR KALIMAT PASIF DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS


Belajar Passive Voice
Welcome to the English Lesson! Mari kita mau belajar tentang Passive Voice atau dalam Bahasa Indonesianya kalimat pasif. Kalau Bahasa Indonesia mudah aja ya buat kalmat pasif. Misalnya :
Aktif:  Adiku minum susu tadi malam.        Pasif : Susu diminum oleh Adikku tadi malam.
1. How do we use the Passive Voice?
We only use the passive when we are interested in the object or when we do not know who caused the action. We can only form a passive sentence from an active sentence when there is an object in the active sentence. (Kita menggunakan kalimat pasif hanya jika kita lebih tertarik pada "si penderita" kegiatan tersebut atau saat kita tidak tahu siapa subyek pelaku kegiatan itu).
2. How do we form the Passive Voice?
The main formula for passive voice is:
TO BE + V3
(Kita membentuk Passive voice utamanya dengan menambahkan bentuk To be dengan bentuk kata kerja ketiga)
How to form a passive sentence from an active sentence:
- object of the "active" sentence becomes subject in the "passive" sentence
- subject of the "active" sentence becomes "object" in the "passive" sentence" (or is left out)
Take a look at the following example!
Active : Peter builds a house.   S- V- O
Passive : A house is built by Peter S -V -O
(Cara membentuk Passive voice : Objek kalimat aktif diubah menjadi subyek dalam kalimat pasif, sedang kata kerjanya mengikuti perubahan dengan pola to be + v31. Terus, subyek dalam kalimat aktif diubah menjadi obyek dalam kalimat pasif, atau bisa juga dihilangkan.

3. Passive with By.
We are normally not interested in the "doer" of an action in a passive sentence. When we want to mention the "doer", we use the preposition by. The whole phrase is called by-agent in English.(Kita sih biasanya nggak terlalu ingin menyebutkan pelaku kegiatan dalam kalimat pasif, tapi kalau kita ingin menyebutkan pelakunya, kita tinggal menambahkan "by" sebelum objek kalimat pasifnya)Example :
Active sentence : Mr Brown built the house.
Passive sentence : The house was built by Mr Brown
4. Passive without by
When we do not know, who was the "doer" of the action, we use someone or somebody in the active sentence. We leave out these words in the passive sentence. (Ketika kita tidak tahu siapa pelaku kegiatan itu kita bisa menghilangkannya)
Example :
Active sentence : Someone stole my bike
Passive sentence : My bike was stolen
5. Passive in various tenses
Nah, karena dalam Bahasa Inggris ada banyak tentses, maka untuk mengubah dari aktif ke pasif pun ada banyak polanya tergantung tenses. Tapi, yang perlu diingat, pasti semuanya memakai pola utama be + V3. Perhatikan tabel beriku ini baik - baik. Ok, cukup segini dulu, kal onanti masih ada yang mau ditanyakan, tanya aja lewat comment! Ok. Gbu.
No
Tenses
Active
Passive

1
Simple Present
Peter builds a house.
A house is built by Peter

2
Simple Past
Peter built a house
A house was built by Peter.
3
Present Perfect
Peter has built a house
A house has been built by Peter
4
will-future
Peter will build a house
A house will be built by Peter.
5
going to-future
Peter is going to build a house in summer.
A house is going to be built in summer by Peter.
6
Present Continuous
Peter is building a house now
A house is being built by Peter now.
7
Past Continuous
Peter was building a house
A house was being built by Peter

8
Sentences with Modals
Peter must build a house
A house must be built by Peter

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