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Selasa, 18 Agustus 2015

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Penggunaan Verb +ing dan V3

Salah satu penggunaan   V1+ ing dan V3 dalam bahasa Inggris  dibahas dalam  Present Participle dan Past participle.

Present Participle ( V1 ing) adalah bentuk kata kerja pertama ditambahkan –ing (V1 + ing) yang bisa berfungsi sebagai adjective/adverb. Sebagai adjectives/kata sifat berarti sebagai penjelas kata benda. Sedangkan berfungsi sebagai adverb maka present participle berperan sebagai penjelas kalimat.
Past participle (V3)adalah bentuk kata kerja ketiga (V3) yang juga berfungsi sebagai adjective dan adverb—sama halnya dengan Present Participle.
               
PRESENT PARTICIPLE ( V ing ) untuk kalimat aktif, sehingga disebut juga Active Participle.
                      
a.    Reduced Adjective Clause (Penyingkatan pada Adjective Clause)

Noun  V ing ….  = Noun   who/which    V1 s/es

                        = Noun   who/which        V2
                        = Noun   who/which    to be + V ing
Contoh:
1. The woman standing under the tree are looking at me = The woman who is standing…..
2. I know the man stealing my money yesterday = ….The man who stole …
3. The water consisting of Hydrogen and Oxygen is very important = The water which consists….

b.    Reduced Specific Adverbial Clause (Penyingkatan pada Adverbial Clause tertentu)

Penyingkatan di sini dapat terjadi hanya dengan syarat bahwa Subjek pada adverbial clause = Subjek pada main clause

V ing…, S1  V     =  When/While  S1  V…, S1  V

                        =  Because/since/as/for  S1  V…, S1  V

Contoh:
While Rina was waiting for the bus, Rina read newspaper
                        (= waiting for the bus, Rina read newspaper)
               
Because I love you so much, I give everything you want.
          ( = Loving you so much, I give everything you want)
Because Mr. Is9ni is clever, He has many fans in this class.
            ( = Being clever, Mr. Is9ni has many fans in this class)

                     
Having V3…., S1  V      =  After S1 have/has  V3,  S1  V1s/es
                                                =  After S1 had  V3,  S1  V2

Contoh:
After I had eaten, I studied English.
(= Having eaten, I studied English)
After we had come to an agreement, we signed the MoU.
(=Having come to an agreement, we signed the MoU)
After the students had completed the test, they handed in their papers and left the room.
            (= Having completed the test, they handed in their papers and left the room.)


PAST PARTICIPLE ( V 3 ) untuk kalimat pasif, sehingga disebut juga Passive Participle.
                      
a.    Reduced Adjective Clause (Penyingkatan pada Adjective Clause)
Noun  V3 ….=  Noun   who/which    to be  V3….
Contoh:
1. A truck which was loaded with vegetables hit a tree = A truck loaded….
2. The window which was broken by Edy has not been repaired yet. = The window broken by…
3. I know the man who was caught by the police. = …..the man caught by….

b.    Reduced Specific Adverbial Clause (Penyingkatan pada Adverbial Clause tertentu)

Penyingkatan di sini dapat terjadi hanya dengan syarat bahwa Subjek pada adverbial clause = Subjek pada main clause
V3…, S1  V    =  When/While  S1  to be V3…, S1  V
                             =  Because/since/as/for  S1  to be V3…, S1  V
Contoh:
When she was sent a flower by her boyfriend, Shella felt very excited
            (= sent a flower by her boyfriend, Shella felt very excited)
Because Adi was n’t given much money, he was very disappointed.
          ( = Not given  much money, Adi was very disappointed.)
As it is surrounded by mountains, the city has a cool climate .
            ( = surrounded by mountains, the city has a cool climate.)
Having  Been V3…., S1  V       =  After S1 have/has  been V3,  S1  V1s/es
                                                          =  After S1 had  been V3,  S1  V2
Contoh:
After I had been told  about what happened, I knew that it’s not her mistake.
(= Having been told about what happened, I knew that it’s not her mistake)
He decided to give up fighting after he had been defeated three times in a row.
(= Having been defeated three times in a row, he decided to give up fighting)


Sumber referensi:
Belajarbahasa inggris net
nurmanali.blogspot.

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